• FGV CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE ON EU-LATIN AMERICA GLOBAL CHALLENGES

Summary

The FGV Centre of Excellence on EU-LA GLOBAL (2023- 2026) focuses on the contribution of the EU for fostering a comparative study on Global Governance and related subjects, taking into account the context and specific demands from the Latin America. It envisages joint transnational activities and structural links with academic institutions in Brazil and worldwide in order to share knowledge, develop partnership and joint activities on issues of global governance and beyond. The project represents an opportunity to keep advancing in the EU studies, as an extension of FGV’s Jean Monnet Module (2010-2013), Chair Actions (2015-2018) and FGV Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on EU-South America Global Governance (2019-2023).

The FGV Centre of Excellence on EU-LA Global Challenges will focus on the EU’s contribution to Global Governance related challenges, in particular: (i) the EU’s role as a promoter of democratic values and as a global regulator; and (ii) the EU’s role in regional and international dispute settlement systems in a globalized world. 

It envisages joint transnational activities with academics and practitioners in Latin America, Canada and Europe to share knowledge, develop partnership and joint activities on EU studies. The project responds to an identified need to expand awareness of the Global Governance debate with focus on the EU’s role in Global South. 

The Centre’s key activities consist in new and existing teaching activities; high-level collaborative research projects with national and international partners; seminars; training and capacity-building courses; and publications. 

As a result, the projects’ main outputs comprise scientific deliverables, such as reports, academic articles; blog articles; the production of large databases for empirical research; international mobility of personnel, discussion of research findings; and dissemination deliverables via publications in websites, social media and measurement of impact. 

The Centre will foster dialogue between the academic world and society. Beneficiaries of the Centre’s activities include: high school students, undergraduate and postgraduate students, professors, researchers, public administrators, civil society actors, the media and the general public interested in the topic. 

Featuring an internationally distinguished teaching staff, guest professors and experts from different professional backgrounds and fields of knowledge, a contemporary work plan, an innovative educational methodology and carefully selected target groups, the Centre will represent an unparalleled initiative in Latin America aiming to ensure greater visibility to EU studies both at the national and the international levels.
 

The Centre’s activities, staff and guests are structured around three main core dimensions in order to contribute to the global governance challenges, in particular: (1) the EU’s role in the Promotion of democratic values in Latin America; (2) the EU’s role in Global Regulation; and (3) the EU’s role in International Dispute Settlement.

  1. EU’s role in the Promotion of democratic values in Latin America covers different facets of the EU promotion of its values abroad and beyond typical academia environments. It intends to function as a vector of public diplomacy towards third countries, promoting EU values and enhancing the visibility of what the European Union stands for and what it intends to achieve. 
  2. EU’s role in Global Regulation provides a systematic assessment of the European Union’s role as a Global Regulator, including EU’s emergence as a normative actor, the normative authority of new subjects and non-State actors in shaping international organizations’ law and their relevance to global governance; multilevel and informal decision-making mechanisms in the European and international spheres and their impact on global regulation. It goes beyond a comprehensive examination of the EU institutions by offering an analysis of the EU’s regulatory power in a broader context and its contributions to the development of global standards.
  3. EU’s role in International Dispute Settlement provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the EU’s role in International Dispute Settlement (IDS). It contemplates situations in which the EU is a full participant of the system and situations in which the EU has attempted to participate in international proceedings. It also addresses European and International Dispute Settlement systems more generally.
     

 

Team

The network designed by the Centre highly contributes to the excellence of the project and fosters an interdisciplinary and international environment. In addition to key staff members, which are all professors from FGV, the project team also includes Brazilian and International invited professors, who actively participate in open lectures and/or conferences, according to their area of expertise.

Coordinator

List of key staff professors from Getulio Vargas Foundation

Invited Professors

The Rio Course on Regional and International Dispute Settlement shares with the EU-Latin American School on Global Challenges over 30 professors coming from high-level universities and think tanks around the world.

  1. Aline Beltrame - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
  2. Ana Paula Tostes - Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  3. Ana T. Caetano - Veirano Advogados
  4. Andrea Ribeiro Hoffmann - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio)
  5. Camila Villard Duran - ESSCA School of Management
  6. Carina Costa Oliveira - Universidade de Brasília
  7. Carmen Tibúrcio - Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) | BFBM Advogados 
  8. Conor Foley - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio)
  9. Daniel Damásio Borges - Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  10. Ely Caetano Xavier Junior - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ)
  11. Fabiane Verçosa - FGV Direito Rio
  12. Fabio Morosini - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
  13. Felipe Albuquerque - Barroso Fontelles, Barcellos, Mendonça Advogados (BFBM Advogados)
  14. Fernanda Castelo Branco Araújo - Instituto Verdeluz
  15. Gustavo Becker - International Max Planck Research School for Successful Dispute Resolution in International Law
  16. Gustavo Fossati - FGV Direito Rio
  17. Henrique Ennes - FGV Direito Rio
  18. Juliana Loss de Andrade - FGV Câmara de Mediação e Arbitragem
  19. Kai Enno Lehmann - Universidade de São Paulo
  20. Laís Forti Thomaz - Universidade Federal de Goiás
  21. Lauro Gama - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro | Lauro Gama Advogados
  22. Leonardo de Andrade Costa - FGV Direito Rio
  23. Ligia Fabris - FGV Direito Rio
  24. Lucas Carlos Lima - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  25. Luigi Spera - Jornalista, correspondente internacional | Agenzia Nova
  26. Magali Favaretto - FGV Direito São Paulo
  27. Marilda Rosado de Sá Ribeiro - Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  28. Michelle Ratton - FGV Direito São Paulo
  29. Monique Goldfeld Sochaczewski - Instituto Brasileiro de Ensino, Desenvolvimento e Pesquisa
  30. Natasha Salinas - FGV Direito Rio
  31. Nicolo Zingales - FGV Direito Rio
  32. Oliver Stuenkel - FGV Escola de Relações Internacionais
  33. Paulo Emílio Vauthier Borges de Macedo - Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  34. Rafael Prado - Universidade de Barcelona
  35. Rafael Zelesco Barretto - Escola de Guerra Naval (EGN)
  36. Raphael Tinarrage - FGV Direito Rio
  37. Renato Flôres - FGV Núcleo de Inteligência Internacional
  38. Tomaz Espósito Neto - Universidade Federal de Grande Dourados
  39. Vera Thorstensen - FGV Escola de Economia de São Paulo
  40. Victor do Prado - SciencesPo – Paris School of International Affairs  | Brazilian Centre for International Relations
  1. Achilles Skordas - Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
  2. Anne Weyembergh - Université Libre de Bruxelles
  3. Annita Montoute - University of the West Indies
  4. Ankit Malhotra - Jindal Society
  5. Benedetta Arrighni - GEM Diamond
  6. Brian McGarry - Universiteit Leiden
  7. Bruno Rodrigues - Sciences Po Law School
  8. Eric De Brabandere - Universiteit Leiden
  9. Frank Hoffmeister - Brussels School of Governance | European External Action Service
  10. Geir Ulfstein - European University Institute
  11. Hélène Ruiz-Fabri - Max Planck Institute for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law
  12. Jan Wouters - Katholieke Universiteit Leuven |Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies
  13. Jean-Louis de Brouwer - Egmont Institute
  14. Jean-Marc Sorel - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
  15. Jed Odermatt - City Law School | University of London
  16. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes - Université de Genève
  17. Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne | Constitutional Court of Andorra
  18. Laurence Marquis - Université de Sherbrooke
  19. Mario Telò - LUISS Roma
  20. Miguel Poiares Maduro - European University Institute
  21. Monica Feria-Tinta - Twenty Essex
  22. Mikael Rask Madsen - iCourts | Centre of Excellence for International Courts and Legal Governance
  23. Miriam Cohen - University of Montreal
  24. Olivier Costa - College of Europe
  25. Pedro Villarreal - Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
  26. Ramona Coman - Université Libre de Bruxelles
  27. Régis Dandoy - Universidad San Francisco de Quito
  28. Salvador Herencia Carrasco - University of Ottawa
  29. Serena Forlati - University of Ferrara

Researchers

banner

The Rio Course on Regional and International Dispute Settlement is designed to address issues in sub-regional, regional and international dispute settlement before international courts and tribunals, international arbitration and conflict mediation in particular the participation of the European Union in international courts and tribunals.

The course is a high-level five-month intensive programme aimed at promoting specialised education to prepare legal professionals to work with international dispute resolution before international courts and tribunals, international arbitration and mediation of conflicts.

It aims to foster a dialogue between theory and practice of public and private international law dispute settlement and to reach a wide-range of students, including academics, practitioners, members of international organizations, international courts and arbitral institutions, local and state-level policy-makers, civil servants and representatives of the civil society.

The 2023 edition of the Rio School on Global Governance, Democracy and Human Rights will take place from February 21 to June 5, 2024, on Wednesdays, from 2 p.m. to 3:40 p.m. (GMT -3h), in person at the FGV headquarters in Rio de Janeiro (Praia de Botafogo, 190).
 

cabeçalho rio school

 

FGV Rio de Janeiro Law School opens applications for the first edition of the course Rio School on Global Governance, Democracy and Human Rights, an activity of the FGV Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, with the support of the European Union Erasmus+ Programme.

The Rio School is a four-month hybrid programme (in person or online), taught in English and Portuguese, aimed at expanding knowledge on universal and regional International Organizations’ practices on Global Governance. The lectures provide an understanding and critical analysis of the International Organizations and the European Union’s institutions, their decision-making process, and challenges to their external action strategy and goals in Latin America.

Featuring an internationally distinguished teaching staff and guest professors and experts from different professional backgrounds and fields of knowledge, a contemporary curriculum, an innovative educational methodology and a carefully selected student body, the course presents an unprecedented programme in Latin America.

The course is designed for undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students, lawyers and professionals, notably in the areas of Law, International Relations and Social Sciences.

The 2023 edition of the Rio School on Global Governance, Democracy and Human Rights will occur from March 1 to June 14, 2023, on Wednesdays, from 3:50pm to 5:30pm (GMT -3h), in person at the FGV's headquarters in Rio de Janeiro (Praia de Botafogo, 190) or online (Zoom Platform). 

The FGV Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence successfully concluded six editions of the EU-South American School on Global Governance from 2019 to 2022. Following the experience of the Jean Monnet Module (2010-2013) and Chair Actions (2015-2018), the EU-South American School has offered more than 80 lectures for over 350 enrolled students.

Responding to an identified need to expand knowledge on European Union practices on Global Governance and their relevance for South America, the course featured a multidisciplinary approach and was designed for graduate and post-graduate students, lawyers and professionals ranging from different areas of Law, International Relations, Social Sciences and Economics.

Since 2022, the FGV has launched its new course: “Rio School on Global Governance, Democracy and Human Rights”. For more information, check the Rio School webite: https://www.cejmfgv.com/about-rio-school
 

RESEARCH

The Centre’s activities, staff and guests are structured around three main core dimensions in order to contribute to the global governance challenges, in particular:
(1) the EU’s role in the Promotion of democratic values in Latin America; (2) the EU’s role in Global Regulation; and (3) the EU’s role in International Dispute Settlement.

Publications


 

Deliverable Nr. 1

  • Description: Book containing the best papers produced by the students of the Course on Comparative Regionalism and selected for publication. Annual and multidisciplinary publication which covers all subjects involved in the course. Up to 2018, the the Jean Monnet Action (Module + Chair) at the Getulio Vargas Foundation Law School has already published eight volumes of this book.
  • Impact: The book will enrich the Latin American doctrine on EU studies and Comparative Regionalism and will serve as a guideline and research tool for all Brazilian and Latin American students who wish to further their knowledge in EU law and related subjects.
  • Estimated Date of publication: Once a year.

Deliverable Nr. 2 

  • Description: Didactic material of the course on EU-South American School on Global Governance to be offered to FGV students and external students from other renowned universities in Brazil enrolled in the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence’s course.
  • Impact: All documents will be available online in open access format via eclass platform provided by FGV. The website provides open access to public of all class materials from FGV Law School Bachelor Programme – Rio de Janeiro.
  • Estimated Date of publication: Didactic material will be available by the beginning of classes in each semestre.

Deliverable Nr. 3

  • Description: FGV Direito Rio will make all adjustments necessary in order to adapt the Jean Monnet Chair website for the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence (http://direitorio.fgv.br/jean-monnet-chair). The webpage will contain the electronic version of the didactic material, as well as other documents and jurisprudence mentioned during the course. The Jean Monnet Chair and Centre’s publications are also to be available online, by the http://direitorio.fgv.br/jean-monnet-chair/publications. 
  • Impact: All the academic activities organized during the project’s life-time will be promoted, disseminated and shared with the whole internet community, including the courses’ registration periods, open lectures, international conferences, and researches’ publications, among others. 
  • Estimated Date of publication: The website will be available and updated all over the year during the project lifetime. 

Deliverable Nr. 4  

  • Description: This publication is the result of a larger research project developed by the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law. This contribution to the Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law (EiPro) intends to evaluate the Mercosur dispute settlement system through a procedural lens. The EiPro aims at providing a comprehensive study of international law by examining it from a procedural perspective. It also intends to reflect the current state of legal and interdisciplinary research in the field as well as to promote cutting-edge research in this under-explored area in order to fill the current void of studies focusing on international procedure.
  • Impact: The publication will provide theoretical and practical information on the Mercosur Dispute Settlement System, including the challenges thereof. It will be of interest to academics specialized in Comparative Regionalism in Europe and Latin America.
  • Language: English

Deliverable Nr. 5 

  • Description: This academic publication will be the result of the research project “Supremacy of International Law vs. National Fundamental Principles in Brazil”. It will be a chapter about Brazil in a book, edited by Prof. Fulvio Maria Palombino, called “Supremacy of International Law vs. National Fundamental Principles. A Comparative Law Perspective.”
  • The chapter evaluates the tension between the supremacy of International and Mercosur Law vs. national fundamental principles in Brazil. Taking Brazilian historical and recent context into account, the research intends to evaluate the interaction between international law, including Mercosur law, and constitutional law in Brazil with regards to incorporation and application by domestic authorities, as well as its challenges and possible solutions.
  • Impact: This project will be pursued by a network of scholars who share information and reflections on these topics. In particular, the project aims to stimulate academic debate, the development of research projects and joint publications.
  • Language: English

Deliverable Nr. 6 

  • Description: This academic publication will be the result of the research project “Judicial Dialogue: vertical and horizontal interaction between national and international judges”. It is designed to be a book chapter in the Research Handbook on the International Court of Justice, edited by Prof. Achilles Skordas. It will explore the horizontal dialogue between the International Court of Justice and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, particularly the interaction and potential collisions between the two courts, and the way in which the ICJ might ‘steer’ the jurisprudence of the Inter-Court and vice-versa.
  • Impact: This project will be pursued by a network of scholars who share information and reflections on these topics. In particular, the project aims to stimulate academic debate, the development of research projects and joint publications.
  • Language: English

EVENTS

The FGV Centre of Excellence on EU-South America Global Governance will promote three categories of events: (a) Workshops and Conferences; (b) Training and Capacity-building courses; and (c) Open Lectures in the auspices of the EU-South America School on Global Governance.

  • EU-South America Global Governance: regulation and litigation

This Conference, to be held at the Getulio Vargas Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, will include panels on European Union-South America Global Governance. Scholars and practicing lawyers will have the opportunity to share information and reflections on Global Regulation and Global Litigation with the academia. 

The panels on Global Regulation will address multi-level decision-making and policy development in the EU and Mercosur. It will cover the principles of governance in the EU and South America and includes specialized modules to foster a deeper understanding of particular important policy areas. The panels dealing with Global Litigation will deal with the legal structure of the internal market, the jurisdiction of regional and sub-regional dispute settlement mechanisms in the EU and South America and litigation challenges.  In particular, invited professors may enrich the event by comparing the South American practice with the European experience.
 

  • “EU Day” - FGV Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence

The FGV Centre of Excellence will promote an “EU Day” with the special participation of Elena Lazarou (European Parliamentary Research Service). Members of the EU Delegation in Rio will also be invited, together with academics, students and community members. They will have the opportunity to analyze, present, debate, and share knowledge on contemporary EU and related issues. Audiovisual resources, such as films and documentaries, are also in the event’s schedule in order to inform and provoke discussions on current issues from the state of the EU-South America relationship. All activities will be open to the general public.

Training Course on Human Rights Litigation

The training course will be conducted by two International Invited Professors, Prof. Dr. Emmanuelle Bribosia and Prof. Dr. Isabelle Rorive (Université Libre de Bruxelles). It aims at exchanging legal practices between the FGV legal Clinic and the ULB Equality Law Clinic. More precisely, it will offer a practical and theoretical understanding of strategies to be developed in non-discrimination and human rights litigation, including the national, European and international levels. Three legal tools will be applied:  strategic litigation, amicus curiae and the intervention of third parties before international, regional and national courts. Law students and lawyers are the main targeted audience.

In order to ensure consistency among the project’s objective and events, open lectures given by invited professors in the EU-South America School on Global Governance, will be organized according to the Centre’s three main research areas: (c.1) Global Regulation, (c.2) Global Litigation, and (c.3) Human Rights and Democracy, with a special focus in EU related issues.

 

Global Regulation

  • The MERCOSUR dispute settlement system

Brazilian Invited Professor for event: Raphael Vasconcelos

 This lecture intends to present and elaborate to students how the MERCUS dispute settlement system works. Dispute settlement systems are fundamental to maintaining the coherence of the law of international organizations. MERCOSUR has had institutionalized mechanisms to resolve disputes since its inception. During the period of validity of the Protocol of Brasilia, for example, all the arbitral awards rendered were fulfilled. The existence of a permanent arbitration body and the access of individuals to consultative competence are the most important aspects of the current regime of the Protocol of Olives. This work has markedly descriptive and dogmatic characteristics. It was decided not to adopt the traditional scientific system founded on problem and starting hypothesis. It was sought to consolidate in a few pages the most relevant practical issues of the current system. As a concluding message, we note the great expectation created regarding the entry into force of the Protocol of Olivos II and the institutional strengthening of the maximum body of the regional dispute settlement system.

  • European and global challenges of equality law

Invited Professor: Emmanuelle Bribosia et Isabelle Rorive (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

Starting from the major developments of EU anti-discrimination law, the aim of this course is to show how a global approach is fostering normative tools to better grasp the current evolutions and challenges in this domain.

  • Impacts of the EU Investment Court System on the global investment policymaking

Brazilian Invited Professor: Ely Caetano Xavier Junior

The lecture intends to discuss the core characteristics of the European Union’s Investment Court System (ICS) as included in the economic agreements with Canada and Vietnam. The lecture also reviews the impacts of the European proposal on global investment policymaking, debating UNCITRAL’s efforts to multilateralize the investment court system and the reactions of selected South American countries to these efforts.

 

Global Litigation

  • The application of the principle of judicial economy by International Courts and Tribunals

International Invited Professor: Fulvio Maria Palombino

The lecture will be devoted to the principle of judicial economy. It will be argued that this principle belongs to the fundamental canons of international procedure – that is, those canons which are inherent in the judicial function and whose application should generally be ensured by the judge concerned, regardless of what the written procedural law establishes. This will be demonstrated through an analysis of how international courts and tribunals, precisely for reasons of judicial economy and departing from the duty to decide all points put forward by the parties (non ultra petita), enter into those issues alone which are necessary for the purpose of resolving the dispute and/or establishing the true state of the world (the so-called criterion of judicial limitation of the scope of the decision or absorption). Even though no provision requires it, each judge is in fact expected to operate in conformity with this criterion and to use it in a proper way; its misapplication may lead to reforming the decision or precluding its enforcement. The frequent use of the criterion at issue, on the other hand, supports the contention according to which judicial economy is an expression of judicial activism.

  • The rule of law and mutual trust in the EU and in the Mercosur : solution or problem?

International Invited Professors: Anne Weyembergh and Ramona Coman (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

The intervention will first focus on the rule of law and mutual trust in the EU and in the Mercosur.With this purpose, topical concrete cases will be selected and discussed.
The intervention will be interdisciplinary in nature, bringing together political science (Ramona Coman) and legal perspectives (Anne Weyembergh). The approach will be comparative as it will examine the role and challenges of both principles in the two regional contexts.

A scientific contribution in an academic journal will result from this intervention.

 

Human Rights and Democracy

  • EU decision-making, legitimacy and democratic déficit

Brazilian Invited Professor: Andrea Hoffman

The first part of this open lecture will address the institutions and processes of decision-making in the European Union. The second part discusses the concepts of legitimacy and democractic déficit, and the third part analyses the democratic déficit and legitimacy of the EU, empirically, in a number of case-studies including internal and external policies.

 

  • The Interaction of the European Human Rights System with the EU (ECJ) and the American Human Rights System

Brazilian Invited Professor: Florian Hoffmann  

Horizontal Effect, Cross-Fertilization, and (Occasional) Antagonism: The Interaction of the European Human Rights System with the EU (ECJ) and the American Human Rights System

  • Multilevel multilateral cooperation within a globalized economy. History, present and future

Prof. Dr. Mario Telo

This lesson will address multilevel multilateral cooperation within a globalized economy, from a historical perspective. The aim is to address contemporary challenges on the matter. 

  • European Union relations with the Middle East: various possible definitions of the Middle East

Brazilian Invited Professor: Monique Goldfeld

Based on the article ‘Whose ‘Middle East’? Geopolitical Inventions and Practices of Security’, by Pinar Bilgin, this lecture intends to critically explore approaches that present the ‘Middle East’ as a region that ‘best fits the realist view of international politics’. It also presents the current relations between Europe and Middle East. Turkey’s role in the European integration is also a topic of this lecture.

  • Europe’s area of freedom, security and justice: actors, challenges and outcomes

International Invited Professors: Anne Weyembergh and Ramona Coman (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

The lecture of two hours will first focus on the evolution of the EU Area of freedom, security and justice. It then will examine topical issues related to the rule of law and mutual trust in European governance. Each dimension will be explored the role of the actors, the challenges at stake and the potential outcomes.  

The lecture will be interdisciplinary in nature, bringing together political science (Ramona Coman) and legal perspectives (Anne Weyembergh). Interaction with participants will be privileged. With a view to encourage participation, preparatory readings will be communicated in advance.

A book chapter will result from this conference/lecture. Power point presentations will be circulated among participants and interested audience.

  • The European Union Institutions and innovative politics

Brazilian Invited Professor: Ana Paula Balthazar Tostes 

The aim of the lecture is to present historical challenges of the European integration, considering the innovative institutional model, the trajectory changes of the integration during periods of crises, and the contemporary challenges with the immigration crises, the growth of the populism, the Brexit and the ongoing threats of Euroscepticism. 

  • International Institutions in the context of regional integration: the case of the European Parliament and the perspective of supranational representation

Brazilian Invited Professor: Ana Paula Balthazar Tostes 

The European Parliament has taken a leading role in the EU's decision-making process; however, this was a result of a long-term reforms and empowering. Although the EP is the most important institution for de democratic development of the EU, it has become a space for coalition of interests not only for integration, but also for Eurosceptic agendas. In this sense, the lecture encompasses the legitimacy and democratic dilemmas and challenges faced by the EU since 2009. 
This lecture addresses the "European crises" that began with the euro crisis, followed by the migratory crisis, the Grexit, the Brexit and the growth of the far-right ideology in the region. The research aims to contribute for an analysis about the development of the power of the EP in face to the capacity to offer an expected legitimacy and democratic representation in the context of the EU.
 

As manifestações expressas por integrantes dos quadros da Fundação Getulio Vargas, nas quais constem a sua identificação como tais, em artigos e entrevistas publicados nos meios de comunicação em geral, representam exclusivamente as opiniões dos seus autores e não, necessariamente, a posição institucional da FGV. Portaria FGV Nº19 / 2018.

A A A
Alto contraste

Esse site usa cookies

Nosso website coleta informações do seu dispositivo e da sua navegação e utiliza tecnologias como cookies para armazená-las e permitir funcionalidades como: melhorar o funcionamento técnico das páginas, mensurar a audiência do website e oferecer produtos e serviços relevantes por meio de anúncios personalizados. Para mais informações, acesse o nosso Aviso de Cookies e o nosso Aviso de Privacidade.